dry skin

known as alipidic skin is when the skin is not producing oil (sebum). Dry skin will have the appearance of small pores due to lack of oil being produced, since the follicles are not dilated. In addition, it will also look rough, flaky with more noticeable wrinkles. Although the skin relies on oil to hold moisture; without it, it can lead to skin barrier damage resulting in inflamed and sensitive skin. Degradation of collagen and elastin is a product of inflammation and the right skin care regimen will help prevent it. Hormones also affect dry skin. Due to the decrease in hormones during and post-menopause, will cause dry skin and a reduction of collagen production.

dry mature skin

has fine pores feels tight has visible wrinkles and broken capillaries. As aging progresses the skin’s production of sebum slows down, leading to dryness and the development of fine lines, wrinkles and flakiness. The skin will appear dull, leathery in texture and may begin to itch and burn. In addition to aging, hormone shifts can cause sensitivity to sun damage and weather extremes. Another possible problem is hyperpigmentation, specifically with those of long history of sun exposure. It is important to differentiate the different between dry and dehydrated skin, in order to properly treat this type of skin.


skin is the most common type and is characterized by an oily t-zone (nose, forehead and chin) area, followed by a normal to dryness on the cheeks and around the eyes. Both sections of this type of skin require different skin care regimens. The t-zone area is prone to acne. Combination skin will change according to the climate or season; at times it will be completely oily, and others dry.

Normal Skin

skin is very rare and characterized by having fine to medium size pores, rosy, clear and even tone complexion. Sebum production, moisture retention, skin cellular renewal (keratinization) and skin cell exfoliation (desquamation) are well balanced. The skin will feel soft and supple and because the complexion is balanced acne is uncommon.

Oily Skin

is characterized by an over production of sebum of the sebaceous gland. Sebum is the skins natural lubricant, but when it’s in excess it becomes thick and heavy in texture. The skin will have a “shiny” look (seborrhea oleosa) and will be acne prone. This type of skin can be rough in texture and tends to have large visible pores. Oily skin is less prone to wrinkles and fine lines because the sebum helps lock in moisture by creating a barrier of oil. Contrary to belief, oily skin can be sensitive and should be treated with the appropriate products.

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