Menu

The Skin protects us by acting as a barrier against bacteria, viruses, and other external elements. The melanin found in the skin acts as a filter to prevent skin damage from ultraviolet light. All individuals have the same number of melanocytes, the density of melanin produced in the skin is determined by evolution, migration, and genetics. The Fitzpatrick Scale is a numerical classification for different skin tones. The Fitzpatrick Scale measures the reaction to sun exposure, genetic disposition, and skin tanning.

type I
skin
light, pale white fair-skinned and/or Freckled
hair
red or blonde
eyes
blue or green
tan response
always burns and will never tan
sun exposure response and risk
has a very high risk for sun damage and skin cancer, may scar if slow to heal. higher potential for vascular damage.
ethnic example
celt, english, irish
type-1
type-2
type 2
skin
fair skin
hair
blonde
eyes
blue or green
tan response
always sunburns and the tan is minimal sun exposure response and risk high risk for sun damage and skin cancer. may hyper-pigment with trauma and may scar if slow to heal. higher potential for vascular damage
ethnic example
scandinavian, european, swedish, finish and norwegians
type 3
skin
fair to olive skin
hair
light brown to medium brown
eyes
blue, green, hazel, brown
tan response
sometimes mild burn, gradually tans to olive.
sun exposure response and risk
moderate risk for sun damage and skin cancer. there is a high risk for all hyper-pigmented skin conditions and has a higher potential for scarring and moderate risk for visible vascular damage.
ethnic example
german, french, and light ethnicities
type-3
type-4
type 4
skin
olive to light brown
hair
brown, dark brown or black
eyes
green, hazel or brown
tan response
seldom sunburns, tans easily
sun exposure responde and risk
low risk for sun damage but has a high risk for trauma, heat and chemical pigmentation, and moderate risk for all other pigmented skin conditions. there is a high risk for scarring and moderate risk for visible vascular damage
ethnic example
mediterranean, hispanic, indonesian, caribbean
type 5
skin
brown, dark brown
hair
black
eyes
brown
tan response
rarely sunburns, tans profusely
sun exposure response and risk
very low risk for sun damage but has a very high risk for trauma, heat and chemical pigmentation. there is also a high risk for scarring such as keloid and there is a moderate risk for visible vascular damage.
ethnic example
darker mediterranean, asian, eastern indian, some africans
type-1
type-6
type 6
skin
black
hair
black
eyes
dark brown
tan response
never sunburns, deeply pigmented
sun exposure response and risk
minimal risk for sun damage but has a very high risk for trauma, heat and chemical pigmentation. there is a very high risk for scarring such as keloid and there is a moderate risk for visible vascular damage.
ethnic example
african

Lélexo® is sold exclusively to selected skincare professionals. Copyright 2018 Lélexo®. All rights reserved